Kodaikanal a place with rich is popular for its Natural charm, which attracts tourists from many parts of India and the world to visit it as a refuge in summer. The place which is referred to as City in the hills is located in Dindigul District of the Tamil speaking State TamilNadu.
Its history is as rich as its natural charm, it is said that the early residents used to rely on Kodaikanal, as a refuge from the tropical diseases and its high temperatures. There is no particular evidence of the name it is called and where it came from but locals in that region derived different meanings to it by the way they vocal or pronounce it in the Tamil language (The local Language used in this kodaikanal). There are at least four interpretations made by the locals which are as follows
1. A place to see in summer
2. The end of the forest
3. Forest of creepers
4. Gift of the forest
All the names have come from pronouncing the word Kodaikanal differently but with a close look at them and towards the history of this Kodaikanal, it can be said that the overall meaning and the essence of each given name are alike and similar.
Coming to its habitants it is believed that the Nomadic Dravidian tribal who were called as Paliyar or Paliyan tribes were the earliest residents of this place. The artifacts found by the archaeologists confirm the fact that the Paliyan tribes were the earliest residents of this place. Sangam Literature, the ancient Tamil literature in which the history of south India can be found. It also includes stories of this place and the references of the habitants lived here.
There is a story in Sangam Literature which is related to Kodaikanal, where a girl named Valli was gifted to the chief of the Veddas Mountain by God as a reward for their devotion and prayers. The girl later went on to become the princess of the tribe Kurinji and companion to Lord Murugan. These stories in a poetic tone are written in the Sangam Literature. The literature also mentions the floral richness of the place in the form of poems, in which it describes the flower named Kurinji which blossoms once in ten to twelve years. The blossoming of the flower is celebrated as an event of great joy and purity, which is magnificently described in the poems of Sangam Literature and the latter, is continued and maintained by Arulmighu Dhandayuthapani Swamy at the Kodaikanal Kurinji Andavar Temple in Kodaikanal, a holy place which is famous for Kurinji flowers.
This place with such holy significance was turned as a Hill station (a spot for the tourists to visit) by American Missionaries in the year 1845. Before it was turned as a hill station in 1845, many western settlers visited the place for its richness in flora, one of them was a Botanist named Dr Robert Wight, A fellow of the Linnean Society of London who visited in the year 1836 and collected around 100 plant specimens. He was so mesmerized that he published and recorded his observations in the Madras Journal of Literature & Sciences. In 1845 six families of American missionaries built two bungalows named Sunny Side and Shelton paving a way for the future thought of Hill Station. Later in 1852, Major J M Partridge built a house and become the first person to settle in the region. Meanwhile, a year later in 1853, the first church was also built, The Anglican church of St. Peter, with this the development and construction of dorms for residents took a fast pace. In 1863, Kodaikanal Lake View was built by the Collector of Madurai Sir Vere Hendry Levinge, it is a manmade lake created by damming three streams flowing into a valley. With the fast-paced growth in the region by 1883, it became a regular summer spot for many people from American missionaries and European diplomats. In 1890, the first Kodaikanal Boat Club was formed which serves people with some fun time boating activities. By the 19th century, all the basic human living facilities were built in the region making it livable and habitable.
With the tremendous development, Indians started to fly to the region. By the 20th century as some of the elite Indians migrated to Kodiakanal and being enchanted by its divine beauty and a vast variety of flora and fauna, later they realized its essence and made steps towards its further development. Today Kodiakanal attracts many national and international tourists for its richness in nature and culture. There are many magnificently built churches, well-crafted temples and the inscriptions which stand out.
Kodaikanal Travels Agencies also look forward to visit Kodaikanal lake, Bryant park, Coakers walk, Poombarai village, Shembaganur Museum of Natural History, Pillar Rocks, Guna caves, Silver Cascade, Dolphins Nose, Kurinji Andavar Murugan temple, Berijam lake as they add more value to the sightseeing cottages and also reflects the historical ambiance of Kodaikanal. Rush with your interest? Lets travel to travel to kodaikanal.
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